On this page you can read about:
- What is GPC?
- Using GPC hierarchy to find the Brick
- What is the role of GPC in GDSN?
- How does GPC fit with other GS1 standards?
- GPC and UNSPSC
To ensure products are classified correctly and uniformly, GDSN uses GS1 Global Product Classification (GPC), a system that gives buyers and sellers a common language for grouping products in the same way, everywhere in the world.
This improves the Global Data Synchronisation Network's data accuracy and integrity, speeds up the supply chain's ability to react to consumer needs, and contributes to breaking down language barriers. It also facilitates the reporting process across product silos.
The official (normative) GPC schema and GPC Browser information is published in Oxford English. Both the schema and the browser information are translated to other languages.
The foundation of GPC is called a "Brick;" GPC bricks define categories of similar products. Using the GPC brick as part of GDSN ensures the correct recognition of the product category across the extended supply chain, from seller to buyer. Bricks can be further characterised by Brick Attributes.
One GTIN, One Brick
A Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) can only be assigned to one Brick.
Bricks can be further characterised using attributes where required.
GPC is already available for a wide range of categories - and is growing all the time.
As of July 2005, the GS1 GPC standard includes:
- Food, Beverage, Tobacco
- Home Care, Health Care (including over the counter part of (Health Care), Pet Care, Pet Food, Baby Care, Beauty Personal Care and Hygiene
- Clothing, Footwear, Personal Accessories
- Cross Category
- General Merchandise (Furniture & Furnishing, Kitchen Merchandise, Musical Instruments, Toys & Games, Stationery, Audio & Visual, Communication, Computing, Printed & Reference Materials, Sports & Well being, Arts & Crafts, Outdoor & Camping)
- DIY (Lawn & Garden Supplies; Building Materials, Hardware; Tools & Equipment Hand; Safety & Storage; Electrical Supplies; Plumbing; Heat,Ventilation,Air Conditioning)
- Automotive Aftermarket
- Home Appliances
GPC gives buyers and sellers a common language to group products the same way globally to ensure effective data synchronisation in the Global Data Synchronisation Network (GDSN). GPC enables the following processes:
- Item Registration
- Publication/Subscription Match
GPC is a key part of the GS1 standards package. The table below shows how GPC fits with other GS1 standards and processes.
GS1 Standard Support
|Process Standard||GDSN Certification||GDSN Processes||What are the GDSN Processes?||Publications, Validation, Subscription, Search etc.|
(Global Product Classification)
|Category Identification Key||Brick
(One GTIN = One Brick)
|What product category does my product belong to?||Vitamins & Minerals|
|Category Descriptors||Brick Attributes and Brick Attribute Values||How do I describe my product category||Consumer Lifestage=Adult|
|Vitamins & Minerals=Combination|
|Category Hierarchy||Segment / Family / Class||What are the higher level elements my category belongs to?||
|Item Identification Keys||Unique Trade Item Identification||GLN
(Global Location Number)
|Who am I? "Vitamin International"||321098765432C|
(Global Trade Item Number)
|What do I sell? "Vitamin"||1234567890123C|
|Where do I sell it?||Europe|
|Item Attributes||Trade Item descriptive fields||Brand Name||What is the Brand Name of my product?||Best Vitamin|
|Net Weight||What is the net weight of my product?||200g|
|Message Standards||XML / EANCOM||How do I distribute my catalogue data?||XML|
Under the leadership of the user community, GS1 launched an initiative to align GPC with another classification system managed by GS1, the United Nations Standard Products and Services Code (UNSPSC). UNSPSC is a global, multi-sector classification system supporting primarily spend analysis and procurement. Download an update on GPC-UNSPSC alignment.