The Global Language of Business

3.2 Party/location split

A split occurs when the party/location being identified by a single GLN is divided into two or more parties/locations. This can include a single party or location dividing into multiple parties or locations or a GLN identifying a combination of party/location being divided to only represent a single part/location.

When a party or location is divided into multiple parties/locations, one may keep the existing GLN, provided that the company is authorised to use the GS1 Company Prefix or individually licensed GLN.

Any party/location resulting from the split that does not keep the original GLN will be classified as being new and must be allocated a new GLN section 3.1.

Legal entity split

Same GLN: When a legal entity is split into multiple entities, one of the legal entities may keep the existing GLN.

New GLN: The other legal entities need to be allocated new GLNs.

- Example: When Company A (Same GLN) creates a wholly owned division which operates as Company B (New GLN)

Function split

Same GLN: When a function is split into multiple functions, one of these functions may keep the original GLN

New GLN: The other functions require new GLNs.

- Example: Shipping/Receiving is split to Shipping (Same GLN) and Receiving (New GLN)

Physical location split

Same GLN: When a physical location is split into multiple locations, one of the physical locations may retain the original GLN.

New GLN: The other physical locations require new GLNs.

- Example: Rural farmland can be divided into smaller units by the owner (no entity ownership changes or address change, e.g., rural route #1 or geopositioned location).

- Example: A retail location is split into two smaller locations by the building owner.

Digital location split

Same GLN: When a digital location is split into multiple digital locations, one digital location may retain the original GLN if the digital location remains with the original legal entity and keeps the same core attributes.

New GLN: The other digital locations will require new GLNs.

- Example: Where a test/development location is created to run in parallel to a live environment within the same framework.

Relevant guiding principles

This table represents the guiding principles most likely to be impacted by a party or location split for a GLN identifying a legal entity, function, physical location, and digital location. Unique situations could occur that impact additional guiding principles. Refer to section 1.1 for more details.

Figure 32 Relevant guiding principles for party/location split

Does a stakeholder need to distinguish the changed or new party/location from previous/current party/location?

Is there a regulatory/liability disclosure requirement by the stakeholder?

Is there a substantial impact to the supply chain?

Legal entity






Physical location*




Digital location



*Discontinuing or replacing GLNs identifying physical locations will impact any existing GLN extension components. See section 2.3.1 for more detail.

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