Packaging Material Type Code

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The GS1 Web Vocabulary collects terms defined in various GS1 standards and data systems and made available for general use following Linked Data principles. It is designed as an extension to and, where relevant, mappings and relationships arising from that vocabulary are made explicit.

The initial focus of the GS1 Web Vocabulary is consumer-facing properties for clothing, shoes, food beverage/tobacco and properties common to all products.

This includes properties related to EU 1169 as defined in the GDSN and GS1 Source Standards. In addition, the vocabulary includes the definition of parties and of a product offer (a product offered by a party for a price). Properties and their definitions come from existing GS1 standards including GDSN, GS1 Source and GPC. Exceptions to this rule include the definition of Offer which does not exist in any of the above standards.

New terms are developed and ratified according to the Global Standards Management Process. Terms may be suggested and commented on in the vocabulary’s GitHub repository .

The GS1 Web Vocabulary was originally developed as the primary output of the GS1 SmartSearch standard but it now fulfils a broader remit. The GS1 SmartSearch standard enables businesses to benefit from:

  • More accurate search results for consumers to find the products and information they need.
  • A lower bounce rate, i.e. people landing on a page and immediately navigating away as it's not relevant to them.
  • Improved conversion rate from visits to sales.
  • Improved, accurate online product information.
  • Shared product information via consumer-facing mobile devices and websites, which ultimately drive sales.

Further information and support tools for the GS1 SmartSearch are available.

The GS1 Digital Link standard makes it possible to express any set of GS1 identifiers as a Web URI and therefore the identified item can be the subject of machine-readable facts and assertions made about it. The GS1 Web Vocabulary includes the link types used in GS1 Digital Link to annotate links to related resources, such as product information pages, instruction manuals, related videos, certification information, brand owner APIs, traceability information and more.

Terms from Scan4Transport cover extended address information suitable for deliveries, especially 'last mile' deliveries.




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Defined values for this Type Code

Code ValueNameDescription and URI
BAMBOOBambooAny of various woody or arborescent grasses (as of the genera Bambusa, Arundinaria, and Dendrocalamus of the subfamily Bambusoideae) of tropical and temperate regions having hollow stems, thick rhizomes, and shoots. The packaging may be in the form of paper, wood or leaves.
CELLULOSE_HYDRATECellulose hydrateA class of materials manufactured by the conversion of natural cellulose to a soluble cellulosic derivative and subsequent regeneration, typically forming a film (e.g., cellophane).
CERAMICCeramicA non-specific material made from clay and hardened by firing at a high temperatures. Examples can include Terra-cotta, Earthenware, Stoneware, Porcelain, and High-Tech Ceramics.
CLOTH_OR_FABRICCloth or FabricA non specific material made by weaving, felting, knitting, or crocheting natural and/or synthetic fibers.
COMPOSITECompositeA material that is made from multiple materials.
CORK_NATURALNatural corkCork is an impermeable buoyant material, the phellem layer of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use primarily from Quercus suber (the cork oak).
CORRUGATED_BOARD_DOUBLE_WALLDouble Wall Corrugated BoardA structure formed by two layers of corrugated cardboard (flutes), with a linerboard facing between them.
CORRUGATED_BOARD_OTHERCorrugated Board OtherThe value needed is not listed or is not defined within this list's individual code value and definitions of corrugated boards. Please send a work request into GS1 or your solution provider requesting the code you are searching for.
CORRUGATED_BOARD_SINGLE_WALLSingle Wall Corrugated BoardA structure formed by three layers of paper that are glued using starch into one single, sturdy sheet; also termed double faced.
CORRUGATED_BOARD_TRIPLE_WALLTriple Wall Corrugated BoardA structure formed by an inner and outer liner with three fluted sheets in between, each separated by a layer of paper.
FIBRE_BURLAPFibre BurlapThe American name for cloth woven from jute plant skins and other vegetable fibres. In other parts of the world it is known as Hessian, Hessian cloth, or gunny from the Indian gain.
FIBRE_COTTONCottonA natural cellulosic seed-hair fiber, obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. First known in India about 3000 B.C.
FIBRE_FLAXFlaxThe plant from the stem of which bast fiber is extracted by retting to produce linen. An erroneous term for linen fiber, particularly in blends.
FIBRE_HEMPHempHemp is a commonly used term for varieties of the Cannabis plant. Hemp can yield fibre which can be used in ropes, cloths, weaves, as a reinforcement of polymer composites as well as pulps for paper making.
FIBRE_JUTEJuteA bast fiber obtained from the round pod jute or the long pod jute of the family Tiliaceae. Jute ribbon is purely made from the jute plant. Grown extensively in Pakistan and India, mainly in the Bengal district of Pakistan.
FIBRE_OTHERFibre OtherA non specific material made of a unit of matter, either natural or manufactured, that forms the basic element of fabrics and other textile structures.
FOAMSolidified FoamA non specific material in a lightweight cellular form resulting from introduction of gas bubbles during manufacture, used to reduce shock and vibration or abrasion.
GLASSGlassA substance mainly consisting of sand, lime and soda, fused at high temperatures and cooled quickly so that it solidifies to a vitreous or noncrystalline condition. This term applies to transparent clear glass or as a generic term if distinction with coloured glass is not desired. Example: sodocalcite.
GLASS_BOROSILICATEBorosilicate glassGlass composed of silicon, boron, sodium and aluminum oxides (+ other alkaline oxides). It is a technical glass, not recyclable.
GLASS_COLOUREDColoured GlassGlass containing external colouring or glass that has been coloured by the addition of colouring agents/particles in its creation
GLASS_CRYSTALCrystal glassGlass rich in lead oxide. It is a technical glass, not recyclable, typically used in decorative objects and also in certain cosmetic packaging.
LAMINATED_CARTONLaminated CartonA material made up of laminates of paperboard, foil and polyethylene which combined form a sheet suitable for asceptic processing.
METAL_ALUMINUMAluminumA non specific material made from aluminum or aluminum alloy.
METAL_BRASSBrassBrass is an alloy of copper and zinc.
METAL_COMPOSITEMetal CompositeRefers to an object that is composed of two separate metals joined together. Instead of being a mixture of two or more metals, like alloys, metal composites consist of layers of different metals.
METAL_IRONIronA heavy metallic element (Fe) capable of being fashioned into a variety of forms.
METAL_LEADLeadA bluish-white soft malleable ductile plastic but inelastic heavy metallic element (Pb)
METAL_OTHERMetal otherA non specific material made from metal or metal alloy material.
METAL_STAINLESS_STEELStainless SteelAn alloy of steel with chromium and sometimes another element (as nickel or molybdenum) that is practically immune to rusting and ordinary corrosion
METAL_STEELSteelCommercial iron that contains carbon in any amount up to about 1.7 percent as an essential alloying constituent, is malleable when under suitable conditions, and is distinguished from cast iron by its malleability and lower carbon content.
METAL_TINTinTin is a chemical element that is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite, where it occurs as an oxide, SnO2. This silvery, malleable poor metal is not easily oxidized in air, and is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion. It is used in many alloys, most notably bronze
METAL_ZAMACMetal zamacZamac is a family of alloys with a base metal of zinc and alloying elements of aluminium, magnesium, and copper.
MINERAL_CALCIUM_CARBONATECalcium CarbonateGround calcium carbonate and precipitated calcium carbonate products serve as functional fillers in plastic and rubber applications. Calcium carbonate is widely used as in polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyolefin, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE) and unsaturated polyester resins applications.
MINERAL_OTHERMineral OtherAny other mineral-based material not available in this list. Should be used as a temporary measure while a proper code is established
MINERAL_TALCTalcTalc is used to stiffen thermoplastics, mainly polypropylene but also polyethylene and polyamide (Nylon).
NATURAL_RUBBERNatural rubberA strong elastic material made by drying the sap from various tropical trees, especially the American rubber tree.
OTHEROtherThe value needed is not listed or is not defined within this list's individual code values and definitions. Please send a work request into GS1 or your solution provider requesting the code you are searching for.
PAPER_CORRUGATEDCorrugated PaperHeavy paper with ridges and grooves, used in packing fragile articles.
PAPER_KRAFTKraft paperKraft paper is the paper grade with the highest strength. It is used for the production of e.g. paper bags, emery paper or shopping bags.
PAPER_KRAFT_WET_STRENGTHKraft paper (wet strength)The wet-strength kraft paper has a certain tear strength when wet due to special additives. It is used for the production of e.g. paper bags, emery paper or shopping bags.
PAPER_MOLDED_PULPMolded PulpUsed for producing pulp-based or fibrous products by pressing; example products: egg packages, trays and boxes for fruits and vegetables.
PAPER_OTHERPaper OtherAny other paper-based material not available in this list. Should be used as a temporary measure while a proper code is established.
PAPER_PAPERPaperA non-specific sheet material produced by the matting of fibres from wood, rags, or other fibrous materials. Generally, paper is of a lesser thickness or weight than paperboard.
PAPER_PAPERBOARDPaperboardA non specific material, generally made from cotton or wood, that describe a variety or of board materials used in the production of boxes, folding cartons, and solid fibre and corrugated shipping containers; also termed cardboard
PAPER_RAYONRayon Paper Generic term for a manmade fiber derived from regenerated cellulose.
PLANT_LEAVESPlant LeavesPlant leaves, such as banana leaves, including wet or dry leaves. In some cases, leaves are pre-softened by steaming.
PLASTIC_BIOPLASTICBioplasticPlastic materials made from biomass, but may have exactly the same properties as ordinary plastic. Sometimes these plastics are biodegradable.
PLASTIC_OTHERPlastic OtherA non-specific material made of any of numerous organic synthetic or processed materials that are mostly thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers of high molecular weight and that can be made into objects, films, or filaments.
PLASTIC_THERMOPLASTICSThermoplasticsA non-specific substance that becomes soft and pliable when heated, without a change in its intrinsic properties. Polystyrene and polyethylene are thermoplastics.
POLYMER_APETPolyethylene Terephthalate, amorphous (APET)Polyethylene Terephthalate, amorphous (APET) has a very high transparency, is flame retardant and suitable for direct food contact. It is used for packaging of all kinds.
POLYMER_BOPPPolypropylene, longitudinally and laterally stretched (BOPP)Biaxially oriented PP (BOPP) films are characterized by their tear, impact and puncture resistance. The film is mainly used in food packaging, e.g. as candy wrap or wrapping for chocolate bars.
POLYMER_CELLULOSE_ACETATECellulose AcetateCellulose acetate is one of the most important esters of cellulose. Depending on the way it has been processed cellulose acetate can be used for a wide variety of applications, e.g. films, membranes or fibers.
POLYMER_CPETCrystallized polyethylene terephthalate (CPET)Crystallized polyethylene terephthalate (CPET) is a variation of standard PET which has been crystallized for heat resistance, rigidity, and toughness
POLYMER_EPEExpanded PolyethyleneEPE is foamed polyethylene, which is a type of environmentally friendly material, that is, pearl cotton like. EPE is made of low-density polyethylene grease through a physical foaming process to produce a non-crosslinked closed cell structure. EPE can be recycled and allows a certain amount of EPE recycled material to be matched in the manufacturing process. Also known as EPE Foam.
POLYMER_EPOXYEpoxyEpoxy resins are thermoset polymers which are frequently used as coatings for metal packaging such as soft-drink cans.
POLYMER_EPSExpanded polystyrene (EPS)Expanded polystyrene is a rigid, tough, closed cell and lightweight thermoplastic foam material. It is manufactured by expanding spherical beads in a mold, using heat and pressure to fuse the beads together. While each individual bead is a closed cell environment, there are significant open spaces between each bead.
POLYMER_EVAEthylene vinyl acetate, (EVA)Ethylene vinyl acetate, a copolymer of 60 to 90% ethylene and 40 to 10% vinyl acetate. Packaging applications include soft films, coatings, hot melt adhesives, wine cork substitutes, and closure seals for plastic and metal container caps.
POLYMER_EVOHEthylene vinyl alcohol, (EVOH)Ethylene vinyl alcohol, a copolymer of ethylene and vinyl alcohol. A plastic resin commonly used in food applications to provide barrier to oxygen and other gases.
POLYMER_HDPEHigh Density Polyethylene (HDPE) High-Density PolyEthylene (HDPE) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum. A strong, relatively opaque form of polyethylene having a dense structure with few side branches off the main carbon backbone. Can be applied to bottles, flasks and caps.
POLYMER_IONOMERPolymer ionomerIonically is a cross-linked polyethylene (ionomer), can be used in combination with PE for its barrier properties.
POLYMER_LDPELow-density polyethylene (LDPE)Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum. A strong form of polyethylene having a less dense structure with more side branches off the main carbon backbone (on about 2% of the carbon atoms) than HDPE; therefore its tensile strength is lower, and its resilience is higherMade in translucent or opaque variations, it is quite flexible, and tough to the degree of being almost unbreakable. It is widely used for manufacturing various containers, dispensing bottles, wash bottles, tubing, plastic bags for computer components, and various moulded laboratory equipment. Its most common use is in plastic bags.
POLYMER_LLDPELinear Low Density PolyethyleneLinear low density polyethylene is a linear polyethylene with a significant number of short branches on the polymer backbone. It is commonly made by copolymerization of ethylene with longer-chain olefins. It is different from LDPE due to the absence of long chain branches which gives it higher tensile strength, impact and puncture resistance than LDPE. Common uses of LLDPE are plastic bags, wraps, stretch wraps, pouches, covers and lids.
POLYMER_MDPEMedium-density PolyethyleneMedium-density polyethylene is a type of polyethylene defined by a density range of 0.926-0.940 g/cm3. MDPE is typically used in shrink films, sacks, packaging film and carrier bags.
POLYMER_MIXPolymer mixA polymer blend or mixture of least two polymers that are blended to create a new material with different physical properties. These tend to be a proprietary mix of polymers and cannot be separated. The individual materials may not be known by the seller.
POLYMER_NYLONNylonPackaging applications include oven-baking bags (nylon 6 and nylon 66) and barrier layers (MXD6 and nylon 6) for PET and HDPE bottles. Very occasionally, bottles can be made of nylon.
POLYMER_OPPOriented polypropylene (OPP)Oriented polypropylene (OPP) is made of a soft polypropylene material which is stretched in a transverse or longitudinal direction (monoaxial) and becomes therefore brittle. Also known as: biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP), CAS Registry Number: 9003-07-0
POLYMER_OTHERPolymers OtherA non-specific chemical compound or mixture of compounds formed by polymerization and consisting essentially of repeating structural units
POLYMER_PAPolyamide (PA)A polymer with repeating units linked by amide bonds. Polyamides (PA) occur both naturally and artificially, examples of naturally occurring polyamides are proteins, such as wool and silk. Artificially made polyamides can be nylons, aramids, and sodium poly(aspartate).
POLYMER_PANPolyacrylonitril (PAN)Polyacrylonitril is a organic polymer which is frequently used in fibres for textiles. As fibres the material is frequently referred to as Acrylic.
POLYMER_PCPolycarbonate (PC)Polycarbonate, a transparent thermoplastic which is used in a wide variety of applications including CDs and DVDs, eyeglasses, cell phone covers, laptops as well as packaging applications such as bottles.
POLYMER_PCLPolycaprolactone (PCL)Polycaprolactone is a biodegradable polyester which is also used in in the manufacturing of polyurethanes. It is also used in blends with thermoplastic starch to improve properties and can also be used as a plasticizer to PVC.
POLYMER_PEPolyethylene (PE)A thermoplastic composed of the polymers of ethylene.
POLYMER_PENPolyethylene Naphthalate (PEN)Polyethylene naphthalate is a polymer with good barrier properties (unlike Polyethylene terephthalate). It is well-suited for production of the amber-colored bottles meant for packing beverages like beer.
POLYMER_PETPolyethylene Terephthalate (PET)Polyethylene terephthalate is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers. Can be applied to bottles, flasks and caps.
POLYMER_PETGPolyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG)Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG) is a PET modified with glycol, which is characterized by its aqueous properties (viscosity). Applications are found in injection molding.
POLYMER_PHAPolyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)Polyhydroxyalkanoates are linear polyesters produced in nature by bacterial fermentation of sugar or lipids.
POLYMER_PLAPolylactic Acid or Polylactide (PLA)Polylactic acid or Polylactide is a biodegradable, thermoplastic, aliphatic polyester derived from lactic acid.
POLYMER_PMMAPolymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) is often used as a lightweight and shatterproof alternative to glass, due to its transparency, brilliance and scratch resistance, PMMA is therefore often referred to as acrylic glass.
POLYMER_POMPolyoxymethylene (POM)Polyoxymethylene (POM) is a thermoplastic with good mechanical properties and high dimensional stability. Fields of application are the automotive industry and electrical engineering, in packaging it is used for e.g. spray cans, gas lighter tanks, gas ampoules. Also known as acetal, polyacetal, and polyformaldehyde.
POLYMER_PPPolypropylene (PP)A non-specific material made of various thermoplastic plastics or fibers that are polymers of propylene.
POLYMER_PSPolystyrene (PS)A polymer prepared by the polymerization of styrene as the sole monomer
POLYMER_PUPolyurethanes (PU)Polyurethanes are primarily thermoset resins which are used in the manufacture of flexible and rigid foams, microcellular foam seals and gaskets, as well as high performance adhesives, surface coatings and sealants. Polyurethane can also be used to make synthetic fibers.
POLYMER_PVAPolyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA or PVOH) is a biodegradable and highly water soluble polymer with high gas and grease barrier. Common uses for PVA are paper adhesives, paper coatings, as a self-standing water soluble films as well as blends to improve processability of thermoplastic starch.
POLYMER_PVCPolyvinyl Chloride (PVC)A polymer of vinyl chloride used especially for electrical insulation, films, and pipes
POLYMER_PVDCPolyvinylidene Chloride (PVDC)Polyvinylidene chloride is primarily used as a barrier coating to provide barrier against fat, vapour and gases.
POLYMER_SANStyrene acrylonitrile (SAN)Styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) is a copolymer transparent and rigid plastic. Examples of applications are kitchenware and cosmetic packaging.
POLYMER_SILICONEPolymer siliconePolymer is generally composed of organic chains linked together by the silicon-oxygen bond. Used in particular for valves. Also know as polysiloxane.
POLYMER_TPSThermoplastic Starch (TPS)Thermoplastic starch is obtained through destructurization of natural starch through exposure to shear and heat. TPS is most frequently used in blends with biodegradable synthetic polymers such as PCL and PVA.
POLYMER_XPSExtruded polystyrene (XPS)Extruded polystyrene is a rigid, tough, closed cell and lightweight thermoplastic foam material. It is manufactured using a process of extrusion that produces a homogeneous 'closed cell' matrix with each cell fully enclosed by polystyrene walls.
RUBBERRubberA strong elastic synthetic substance made either by improving the qualities of natural rubber or by an industrial process using petroleum and coal products
VINYLVinylA non-specific polymer of a vinyl compound or a product (as a resin or a textile fiber) made from such a polymer
WOOD_HARDBOARDHardboardHardboard (not to be confused with hardwood), also called High-Density Fiberboard (HDF), is a type of fiberboard, which is similar to particle board and medium-density fiberboard, but is denser, much stronger and harder because it is made out of exploded wood fibers which have been highly compressed. Consequently, the density of hardboard is 31 lbs or more per cubic foot (500 kg/m_)[2] and is usually about 50-65 lbs per cubic foot (800-1040 kg/m_). It differs from particle board in that the bonding of the wood fibers requires no additional materials, although resin is often added. Unlike particle board, it will not split or crack.
WOOD_HARDWOODHardwoodA general term referring to any variety of broad-leaved, deciduous trees, and the wood from those trees. The term has nothing to do with the actual hardness of the wood; some hardwoods are softer than certain softwood (evergreen) species.
WOOD_MEDIUM_DENSITY_FIBREBOARDMedium density fibreboardMedium-Density Fibreboard (MDF) is an engineered wood product made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, combining them with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure. MDF is generally denser than plywood. It is made up of separated fibres, but can be used as a building material similar in application to plywood. It is stronger and much more dense